Horse characteristics average about five and a half a litter, so the number of horses is not as much as other types of animals, moreover, keeping horses also requires more elaborate care.
You can look at the state of health, milk quantity, and development of the foal to know whether a mother horse is good or bad. Near the day of giving birth, the horse is anorexia, not quiet, often looking at the belly. The genital tract is enlarged, the breasts grow rapidly. Two days before giving birth, the nipples were filled with colostrum, the nipples were enlarged, there were milk dripping, some dried milk wrapped on the teat. When you see the milk dripping, the day or the next day, the horse lays.
The change of the udder is a reliable phenomenon to judge the date of birth of the horse, but if it is not well nourished, the change of the breast is not very clear. Mares usually lay in the afternoon and night. At the time of giving birth, the animal was restless and restless. There is a foreleg that is scratching the ground, the hind leg kicks his stomach, and his back is bent. Horses often push to lay suddenly, start to push for a while then lie down. In some cases, when the amniotic sac protrudes, the mother horse immediately stands up or the fetus is weak, so the amniotic sac cannot break. The amniotic sac must be torn off immediately, if the foal is slowed, the foal can easily choke. If the fetus is favorable, the horse farrows normally, the time to give birth only lasts 20-30 minutes. A healthy foal is normally torn and released from the womb by itself.
The farmer only needs to cut the umbilical cord (in cases where the cord cuts itself). Cut the belly button 2 cm away from the abdomen, disinfect with iodine to avoid infection. Use straw or soft hay to wipe the whole body of the foal. Remove the oil from the mouth, nose and ears. After 30-60 minutes, the foal gets up and looks for the breast. If the foal is weak, the breeder needs to support it by lifting it up, helping to find the mother’s breast and support its body so that it can suck on colostrum as soon as possible. Adequate feeding of colostrum is of paramount importance because it is rich in nutrients and has immune antibodies that are beneficial to the foal’s disease resistance. Use straw or hay to keep the floor warm and avoid cold for both mother and child. At first, about 1 hour the ponies suckle once. If the mother has to go to work early, it should be noted that in the first 2 months, she must rest her mother so that the foal comes to suckle once every 2 hours.